Few things are as stressful as turning on your desktop PC only to be met with an error message or endless loading instead of the operating system booting up properly. A non-booting desktop is most often caused by hardware or software failures.

Data Recovery

While a boot failure seems ominous, it does not necessarily mean your important files and documents stored on the desktop are gone forever. With the right approach, you can successfully recover your data even when facing an uncooperative desktop.

Causes of Desktop Boot Failures

Some common culprits that lead to desktops refusing to start up properly include:

  • Corrupted system files, registry issues, or operating system damage preventing boot.
  • Failed hard drive or solid state drive with bad sectors or mechanical problems.
  • Faulty RAM modules causing errors and failed initialization.
  • Motherboard components such as BIOS, capacitors, or connectors malfunctioning.
  • Boot sector viruses or other malware interfering with the boot sequence.

Data Recovery Options for Non-Booting Desktops

Use a Linux live CD or USB drive

Booting from an external Linux-based operating system allows you to access the desktop hard drives in read-only mode to copy files safely. Popular choices include Ubuntu, Mint, and Kali Linux.

Connect the hard drive to another computer

Removing the hard drive and connecting it to a working computer as a secondary drive enables direct file access to extract data.

Use an external dock or enclosure

A hard drive dock lets you connect the bare drive via USB for recovery. Enclosures add protective housing for easier handling and connections.

Employ data recovery software tools

Specialized desktop data recovery software like ONERECOVERY provides an easy way to recover files from a desktop’s hard drive or storage media even when the computer won’t boot. The software is designed to bypass the operating system entirely and scan the raw drive sectors for recoverable data.

Popular features and capabilities of data recovery software include:

  • Supports all major desktop operating systems like Windows, Mac OS. Can read formatted or corrupted file systems.
  • Scans thoroughly for hundreds of different file types based on internal signatures.
  • Previews found files before choosing which to recover.
  • Retrieves data from hard drives (HDD/SSD), external drives, RAID arrays.
  • Recovers photos, documents, videos, emails, and other important files.
  • Easy to use interface for selecting drives to scan and file types to target.

To use data recovery software on a non-booting desktop:

  • Download and install the software on a working computer.
  • Remove the hard drive from the damaged desktop and connect it to the working computer.
  • Open the recovery software and select the non-booting drive to scan.
  • Select file types to target or scan for all files. Click “Scan” to start.
  • Preview and select the recovered files you wish to restore.
  • Choose a save location and recover the files.

Seek help from a data recovery service

For complex failures, professional recovery services can disassemble drives in a lab setting and use specialized tools to retrieve data.

Critical Recovery Tips

  • Handle drives carefully without forcing open protective cases. Proper connections are important.
  • Avoid writing new data onto failed drives during recovery attempts.
  • Try multiple recovery methods in combination for the most complete results.


A desktop that won’t boot up can seem like a catastrophic failure but does not have to mean lost data. Using the right recovery techniques, from Linux boot discs to professional services, you can regain access to your precious files despite those frustrating boot errors. Just stay calm, act quickly, and be careful, and your data can likely be saved.

William is the primary Writer of the site. He has almost 6 years of experience in the field of technological innovation. William enjoys technology for all aspects, and he's still an ardent DIYer at heart. I've published hundreds of blogs.


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